Ultrasound - Musculoskeletal
Ultrasound imaging uses sound waves to produce pictures of muscles, tendons, ligaments, nerves and joints throughout the body. It is used to help diagnose sprains, strains, tears, trapped nerves, arthritis and other musculoskeletal conditions. Ultrasound is safe, noninvasive, and does not use ionizing radiation.
Ultrasound can also be used to guide injections allowing the clinician to visualize the needle tip in the appropriate target.
What is ultrasound imaging of the musculoskeletal system?
Ultrasound imaging is a noninvasive medical test that helps physicians diagnose and treat medical conditions which is safe and completely painless. It produces pictures of the inside of the body using sound waves. It uses a small probe called a transducer and gel placed directly on the skin. High-frequency sound waves travel from the probe through the gel into the body. The probe collects the sounds that bounce back and a computer uses those sound waves to create an image. Ultrasound exams do not use any radiation making them safe for everyone. Because ultrasound captures images in real time, it can show structure and movement. The images can also show blood flowing through blood vessels.
Ultrasound images of the musculoskeletal system provide pictures of muscles, tendons, ligaments, joints, nerves and soft tissues throughout the body.
Ultrasound also allows visualization of a needle making joint and soft tissue injections extremely accurate
What are some common uses of the procedure?
Ultrasound images are typically used to help diagnose:
- Tendon tears or tendinitis. Common areas are the rotator cuff and Achilles tendon and “tennis elbow”
- Muscle tears, masses or fluid collections.
- Ligament sprains or tears.
- Inflammation or fluid (effusions) within the bursae and joints.
- Nerve entrapments such as carpal tunnel syndrome.
- Foreign bodies in the soft tissues (such as splinters or glass).